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Buddhism

            Siddhartha Gautama

          Siddhartha Gautama is referred to as the leader and the founder of a sect of wanderer ascetics who was referred as the Scramanas. This was one of the many sects, which existed in the past in the whole of India (Marques 567). As time went by, the name of the sect was changed to be Sangha, a change which was done to ensure that it becomes extinguished from other similar communities. Siddhartha Gautama is a person who gave good teaching which is considered to be the core of Buddhism. It was after his death that the movement which he had formed later evolved into a religious-like movement. Again, after Siddhartha Gautama movement changed to be a religious-like movement, it led to the formation of a state religion, thus, changing the whole of India into a religious nation.

Triptaka

          Triptaka is a term used to refer to the traditional Buddhist scriptures which were used in the past. Again, Triptaka was also referred to as canonical texts which were seen to be exclusively authoritative as they gave rules and conditions which the Buddhists had to adhere to the latter. Moreover, Triptaka is also referred to as a derivative literature and fill of commentaries which have to be adhered to by all. Such scriptures were followed very strictly in the past by the Buddhists. As asserted by Marques (568) the Triptakas were composed back in the start of the Common Era that took place in the first century BCE. Due to the fact that each Buddhists sub-traditional had their own monasteries they had to have different Triptakas which they could follow as a guide to their daily lives. Consequently, all the Triptakas were written by Sangha and were comprised of thirty two books which had to be read to the whole community and well interpreted. 

The four noble truths (8 fold path)

          The Truth of suffering

          There are four noble truths which are followed by the Buddhists. One of the truths is the truth of suffering, which is named as Kutai. According, to Buddha the world was full of suffering which is evident where a person and the family is left to suffer.  Again, the truth of suffering asserts that giving birth is very painful and one has to suffer high pain (Marques 569).

          The truth of the cause of suffering

          There is a high human suffering which is caused by ignorance and Karma. Ignorance and Karma are as a result of human desire and craving which are linked to one’s desires of performing a certain duty within the shortest time possible (Marques 570).

          The truth of the cessation of suffering

          Under this truth of the cessation extinguishing of all human ignorance leads to the truth of Nirvana. In the Buddhism religion the truth of the cessation of suffering is evident.

          The Truth, which is linked to the path of the cessation and suffering

          Again, in Buddhism the fourth noble truth gives evidence of path which lead to cessation of suffering in all humans (Schittich 83). The truth gives evidence of the Noble Eight-fold Path, which is mostly used by the Buddhists.

Nirvana (Boat load of knowledge)

          Nirvana is a term which is mostly associated with the Buddhism and is used to mean to blow out a candle (Schittich 102). Moreover, the term nirvana in the Buddhism ensures that the state of religion is represented by the liberation of rebirth. On the other side, the term Nirvana in the Indian state is used to refer to its state of perfect quietude and freedom.

Paralles in Christianity

          Both Christianity and Buddhism have an historical center figure who is Jesus Christ. In both religions, Jesus is shown to have risen from dead (Mohr 519). To reform the existing social and religious practices both Jesus and Buddah sought for better ways of doing that. In addition, there are shared values between both Christianity and Buddhism, which have to be followed to the latter.  Both Christianity and Buddhism are similar in that they are founded on spiritual matters. 

Differences between Buddhism and Christianity

God

There are many differences which are portrayed between both Buddhism and Christianity. One of the many differences is the fact that Buddhism does not talk of God as the creator while Christianity talks of his as the creator of the whole world (Mohr 520).

Prayer-mediation

          There is a greater difference of both prayer and meditation to both Buddhism and Christianity. Evidently, in Christianity world prayer is given the highest priority as one can talk to God and shower all his needs (Mohr 521). However, in Buddhism both prayer and meditation are given a higher priority.

          Grace and personal effort

          It is evident that both the Buddhism religion and Christianity have different priorities when linked to grace and personal effort.   The Buddhism ensures that they place a great emphasis on personal effort while in Christianity people are encouraged to lay more emphasis son grace which is termed to be sufficient to all human beings (Schittich 163).

References

Marques, J. (2011), “Buddhism in the United States: Implications for Managers of Buddhist Values in the Workplace”, International Journal of Management, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 564-572.

Mohr, M. (2014), “Book Review: Buddhism and Violence: Militarism and Buddhism in Modern Asia”, The Journal of Asian Studies, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 519-522.

Schittich, B. (2010), “Negotiating Self and Other: Transnational Cultural Flows and the Reinvention of Mongolian Buddhism”, Internationales Asien Forum.International Quarterly for Asian Studies, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 83-102,162-163.

 

 

 

 

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