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Monotheism versus Polytheism

Objective I: The world today has conformed to a monotheist form of religion of one kind or another. This is because in the current world of progress in science and technology no one can take pleasure in being considered a pagan. Although different religious believe in different supreme-being they believe in one of them whom they take to be the true one guiding their life principles. The perception of good and evil among humans therefore navigates around what is conventionally regarded as morally good whereby no harm is caused to another person when one exercises their right. Evil on the other hand is considered to be the action that causes harmful outcomes or injury to others as well as what one society considers to be morally right or morally upsetting. There the perception of good and evil depends on the society’s view of morality and actions. One religion may see that committing a certain activity is alright if only it was not ill intended. That’s the reason there is need for religious tolerance. The Christian intolerance to discoveries and beliefs led to executions (Habib, 06-10-2016).

Objective II: Works of non-Western European art

Baptistery doors art were different from those of the western culture and therefore these western nations ended up taking them up and using them in their own places of worship and even homes. The introduction of the gates of paradise among other artistic rituals were adopted. The trade of the Eurasian countries in spices and other types of food like tulips and the way they tilled their gardens as well as the opium and garden arts was different from the encounters. This introduced new foods and lifestyles in the western art. The west mixed their art with that of those they encountered thereby leading to mixed culture of art. This ultimately led to diversification of the western cultures, art and progress as new products find their way into their markets and homes from these newly discovered lands (Prof. Dr. Salahuddin Mohd. Shamsuddin, 2010).


Greco-Roman polytheism, medieval monotheism and Renaissance humanism

The roman polytheism revolved around the thought of the belief in magic and dark matter. There were beliefs in a collection of gods with different roles sometimes with conflicting roles whereby when one god is appeased another is annoyed. The medieval monotheism stressed on existence many deities but insisted and chose to worship of only one Supreme Being and tolerate other religions. Hindu was the first religion that the author described to have been a monotheist religion but changes came on due to human renaissance. This where is the emerge from the dark ages when science and technology, and vast knowledge expanded affecting how people lived and interacted with each other in terms of their religious beliefs. There came a period when one religion considered to be the only true religion and others as evil religion thereby led to religious intolerance (Sayre, 2010). This came during the periods of Constantine when there was large-scale persecution of paganism. The belief in many gods is the belief in divinities with contrasting roles and values. Both forms of religion believed in supreme beings which were responsible for their day to day life. This beings directed their lives and had to appeased at different times when need arose. In the rise of Judaism, then Christianity where paganism was thoroughly married with religious beliefs there emerged a form of monotheism that exists till today. The more powerful religions considered themselves the right ones and now Islam is in the pinnacle of that situation.



Habib, I. (06-10-2016). Medieval Popular Monotheism and Its Humanism. The Historical Setting, 5-7.

Prof. Dr. Salahuddin Mohd. Shamsuddin, P. D. (2010). Belief of Monotheism in Ancient and Medieval Religions of the Nations. Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 10-15.

Sayre, H. M. (2010). DISCOVERING THE HUMANITIES. New York.


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