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Scramble for Africa Research Paper

Economic Factors for the Scramble for Africa

There are several economic factors that led to the scramble for Africa. One of the economic factors that led to the scramble for Africa is the availability of raw materials. During industrial revolution, there was need to supply the industries with the necessary raw materials such as cotton, gold, ivory, copper, among others. These raw materials were critical to the success of the industrial revolution. The other economic factor that led to the scramble for Africa is the availability of cheap labor. There was need to have a cheap labor to enhance the supply of raw materials to and increase the profits realized by the investors of industrial revolution. The labor in Europe and America was relatively expensive leading to low profits. This prompted Scramble for Africa as an alternative source of cheap and free labor.

What made African conquest possible

One of the factors that made the European conquest in Africa possible is due to their superior weaponry. Since the Europeans were not accepted in most parts of Africa, they had to use their superior weapons such as the gun powder to force themselves on the Africans. The other factor that made it possible for the European conquest on African relates to the vulnerability of the Africans. Most of the Africans were naïve and were less informed of the happenings on the outside world.

Comparison between French assimilation and British indirect rule

It is possible to compare the assimilation used by the French and the indirect rule used by the British. In both cases, the policy making was done at home by the metropolitan governments. Also, the British and the French established new laws that were based on the judicial system used in their home countries. Also, both systems employed Africans at the lower levels of administration. The difference is that the French established a highly centralized and authoritarian system of administration. On the other hand, the British established a separate administration from their colonies. In terms of cost, assimilation was more expensive than the indirect rule used by the British.

Factors leading to the spread of Islam in West Africa

One of the factors that led to the spread of Islam in West Africa related to its simplicity and practicality. The Islam religion does not contain myths and its teachings are clear, simple and rational. The other factor that led to the spread of Islam in West Africa entails the moral and the ethical aspects. The moral and the ethical life of the Muslims were attractive to the West Africans and this made them to be influenced to become Muslims.

 

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