The author Elizabeth Kolbert lives in Williamstown, Massachusetts together with her lovely husband and children. She is a staff writer at the New Yorker and an author of ‘Field Notes From a catastrophe’. The recent mass extinction that took place in the human live 500 million years ago is what is most focused by Elizabeth Kolbert who wrote then Sixth Extinction book. According to Kolbert, the extinction event has taken place over; since, humans made their first forays out of Africa. These events took place over a period of 125,000 and 50,000 years ago even though then accelerated pace is still on the rise.
Extinction is the main focus of Kolbert in her book whereby; she hopes that the reader will accept and appreciate the extraordinary times in which we live in today (124). The author describes the extinction to be an extraordinary one because; there is a high and sudden die-off of many animals in then plant. Living species are highly wiped off at a higher range than it ought to be. Species have been disappearing over a long period of time, which is very alarming even though the root cause of all then extinction is as a result of the human beings who are less cautious of taking care of the nature. Many of the species that are life’s biodiversity continue to extinct on a daily basis and are becoming undermined on a daily basis. The mega fauna extinction is a good example given by Kolbert in elaborating the true evidences that argue in favour of what the humans did. She argues that all the sequences of pulses and those of human settlement line up almost exactly the same. The extinction of the mega fauna began 50,000 years ago and has been taking place up to date. The only reasonable answer that can be given to emergence of the mega faunas is the man arrival who really tempered with the faunas at that time. This extinction did not take place at once, but Elizabeth records that it took place in pulses and this was to the disadvantage of the humans.
Elizabeth talks of the worst day ever on planet earth where the temperatures were altered, leading to wiping of the dinosaurs. The event was named as then great Cretaceous extinction and it occurred sixty five million years ago when the Yucatan Peninsula was smacked by a lump of interplanetary garbage causing high force due to then huge mass. The dinosaurs evolved to be vultures, eagles, humming bird, orioles, cardinals and non-Nazified mammals became mammals like the dolphins, elephants, rabbits and hyenas. The Ordovician extinction is another major event that took place in the past about four hundred and fifty million years ago. Chordates and progenitors of vertebrates survived this extinction and are still in existence to date as noted by Elizabeth. Kolbert referred this to an Anthropocene Era since something unnatural is always said to happen when a specific species change from its natural state to become a more influential factor due to changed quality and biodiversity properties (300). Kolbert explains that the planetary life is being denatured in a very unpleasant sense and the positive actions must be taken to stop or slow these actions from taking place. The concept of botany, zoology and climatology is influencing various elements of earth, which are very crucial to the human life today.
Kolbert has explained how human has facilitated the invasion and death of very many amphibians globally whereby; in her explanation about the natural catastrophes she uses the North American mastodon, which is a basic instrument of extinction that has been taking place over years. She explains that it is a human fault for the extinction to occur because; even the great auk was destroyed by humans in resource mismanagement activities. It was also referred to as a mindless slaughter due to the calamities that came as a result of its existence. Kolbert explains that something unique was happening in all these events due to the fact that most of the stuff was caused by one featherless biped activity. Kolbert explains her story in thirteen chapters whereby one is forced to confront the reality as he reads along the pages of the book. One easily gets the reassuring notion of how then extinction activities took place as explained by Elizabeth (312). One gets the balance of nature that was never there as well as its fragility and instability in the whole story. The transient dynamic equilibrium is also explained accordingly by Elizabeth, who also explains the changes in temperatures that took place in the whole globe. All changes that took place in the sea level as well as the changes in chemical composition that made some species get extinct while giving support to other is also well elaborated in then book. The inconstancy of nature is supported by a lot of drama in order to bring the reality on ground for humans to understand it more clearly. Elizabeth has used a lot of drama in making sure that she captures the reader’s attention in her extinction story.
Kolbert brings out the laughter to any persons reading her book because; as one reads about the mass extinction and the human demises he finds a reason to smile. One will automatically smile due to then way then writer brings out, the event of the happenings that took place many years ago. Kolbert is a writer who knows how to bring out the human capacity to crack wise in the face of oblivion. Her book has helped people recognize the kind of planet they live in; since, it makes clear that big and abrupt changes are bound to take place any time. Anything that happened before is bound to happen again and again and so everyone should be cautious of how they live. Kolbert is termed to be a deft explainer of both economic and technical happenings that took place in combination with meticulous reporting (315).
The importance of Kolbert book must not be overstated because; her prose is lucid and very much interesting towards revealing the dark theatre of the world. Powerful cases are presented in this book with the aim of binging out the real point to the people understanding. Having a clear observation to her views one can commend that Kolbert is an astute observer of today’s age and a superb synthesizer who uses all possible means to find out a good and reasonable humour to her subjects.
The combination of wry humour and the scientific rigor proves Kolbert’s writings to be more interesting for one to continue reading more and more. Her book is beautifully written with good and exiting content in it, thus any serious minded person reading the book will find it pleasing to provide exclamation points to its margin. The scientific aspect of extinction, which has been studied by many people, is brought out by Kolbert through the use of an understated style, a lucid and a steady combination of enviable reporting adventures (320).
The twisting history and the understanding of extinction theory to humans is well unravelled by Kolbert; since, she explains how humans knew about the extinction story and what they are currently doing in making sure that they stop it. The power of this book resides mostly on then historical context as well as in the hard science that is brought out by the author. The humans are leaving many loses in their daily activities whereby; all of them are recorded in this book accordingly.
Elegiac poetry is what Elizabeth Kolbert uses to write her book and makes sure that then book reader understands well then vanishing creatures of the planet. Kolbert uses memorable creatures that existed in the past and present in presenting her rigorous story. She explains clearly that a mass extinction is all what we are suffering from in this planet; hence, a reality not fiction. The global and historical impacts on human beings are well presented in the book as a way of making sure that facts are presented which make human beings become more joyous. The nature incredible variety is what humans use to gauge the loss they have once an animal get extinct due to loss of beauty from extinct animals (321).
Some depressing facts are well explained by Kolbert, which all concerns the extinct animals. According to Kolbert the impending ecosystem has really collapsed as evident in her writing; since, the right measure of controlling it has not been followed accordingly. The inaccessible text has not brought to light by Kolbert, who addresses the real cause of life and how it ought to be done. The text presented by Kolbert is witty, scientifically accurate in addressing the rampant topic of live (325).
This book is a mixture of awe and terror due to the scientific thriller, resulting from then extinct species of animals. The vents that are elaborated by Kolbert in her book are real and this factor contributes to the aspect of terror evident to hey who read the book. Another aspect of the terror issue is due to the struggle of the book to become one of the books of our time; hence, Elizabeth’s long view of extinction is most exciting to many lives and seeks to make sure that the reader is excited to read more and more. Elizabeth is more focused in bringing out the real aspect of extinction and explains how many species are at risk of getting extinct (327). She uses a lovely and a lucid prose to ensure that she brings out the sad gripping facts of our moment on earth and makes activities work as per plan. The harrowing biological challenge of our times is presented by Elizabeth in her book in making sure that she offers a cogent overview.
The sixth mass extinction is the biggest story that has ever been told about how because it explains how many species have been extinct in then planet. Her book is comprised of a capacious curiosity as well as a deep imagination of all the extinction stories told by Elizabeth. There is a deep rigor and reporting of all that is happening on earth whereby; wondrous creatures and ecosystem are getting extinct (334). This book is full of love and loss that the planet has to endure and Kolbert explains the impact which was brought by the extinct species of the universe in her book. The story of extinction is very inspiring and renders the reader more interested in contributing towards saving the species not fully extinct like the white rhinos.
Elizabeth Kolbert. The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History. Bloomsbury Publishing. 2014
Elizabeth Kolbert. [(The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History)]. Picador USA.2015
Elizabeth Kolbert. [ The Sixth Extinction: An Unnnatural History). Henry Holt & Company. 2014
Elizabeth Kolbert. The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History. Publisher: Bloomsbury Paperbacks [Paperback]. 2015 Edition,