Building Information Modeling Advantages and Disadvantages

Building Information Modeling

Building Information Modelling is a process of virtual design and construction that integrates heavy use of technology to connect the information with the virtual model. The BIM design allows the designers to construct a 3D model that represents the actual model they intend to build. Building Information Modeling is a new technology that is very useful in architecture, construction, facilities management (FM) and building product manufacturing.  It has always been argued that BIM is one of the most important things to happen in the architectural field. For the past few years, BIM technology has led to the design of more energy efficient and aesthetically designed buildings. According to researchers, BIM provides a platform for shared data and knowledge for all the stakeholders in design, built, maintenance, operations, and the demolition of structures.



Advantages of BIM

It allows for easy collaboration of the design team

It allows for better planning of design

It allows the designers to see potential problems in advance and fix them in good time

It provides a better visual of the project and enables greater understanding of all its elements

BIM systems allows the designers to track and monitor the resources, leading to savings on materials

It allows for 4D visualization by linking 3D and the logistics

It is faster to incorporate changes with the BIM

It allows for 5D visualization by introducing costs elements into the model

BIM technology allows for easy prefabrication of components



It requires technical knowhow/lack of experts

It is more of a philosophy than a piece of software

It is likely to bring problems related to information ownership and design responsibility of the model

Incompatibility with the partners who may not use BIM can also be a challenge for the BIM technology

The legal issues associated with the use of BIM technology have not been extensively addressed

BIM software is very expensive and may not be economically viable for small projects


For more information, read BIM Handbook