The Duke of Ellington is one of the pivotal figures in the history of Jazz. In his musical career that lasted for close to five decades, Ellington inspired many people, most of who later became the best players of Jazz. Throughout his long career, Ellington made history as the largest recorded personal jazz musician. In his band, the Duke Ellington had the following band members; Perdido, Billy Strayhorn and Juan Tizols (Burns 92). In this arrangement, Billy Strayhorn was a composer, pianist while Perdido was involved in bringing the Spanish Tinge into the jazz. Ellington musical career was a big success since he recorded for major American companies during his era, made several world tours, and featured in several films. Due to his eloquence and charisma, Ellington was able to elevate the status of jazz music to the highest levels witnessed today. After his death, his reputation is still being felt such that he was awarded the special Pulitzer Prize for music in 1999.
Jazz is a type of music that relies on rhythmic urgency and improvisation for musical expression. The jazz players have the capability of being inventive to create music on the spot and change melodies rhythmically to make their music attractive to the audience. The song being played in the video is jazz music due to its rhythmic arrangement in organized choruses. The song is full of choruses with improvised solos that make it jazz music. Normally, jazz music is played by piano, drums, guitar, trumpets, tambourines and saxophone as is evident from this video. The music in the video can also be classified as jazz music due to the manner in which the music is improvised, its syncopated rhythms, swing feeling and the individual tone color. This video has been improvised by the use of existing chords in the song to produce short melodies that supports the musical harmony.
Burns, Ann. “Duke Ellington.” Library Journal 130.18 (2005): 92. ProQuest. Web. 30 July 2016.