Childhood blindness has emerged as a global problem, especially in third world countries where they constitute to 75 percent of the total blind children. When these problems are not treated at early stages, they can result in permanent visual impairment. The main causes of childhood blindness are deficiency of vitamin A, new born conjunctivitis, measles and retinopathy of prematurity (Sousa & Oz, 2014). A management information system (MIS) for the childhood blindness elimination project can be developed to provide computerized systems that will provide real time information. This work will cover three components of the MIS, activities, finance and inventory
Identification of Key Variables
The key variables to be tracked include identification of children with severe visual impairment or blindness, properly recording the identified children to the information system database so as to obtain the merits and establishing the ratio of the children who return for retreatment and follow ups (Lebel, Corston, McAdam, Biggar & Alman, 2013). These activities are important since it has been found that about 75 percent of eye problems can be treated or prevented at an early age. It also allows for planning.
It is also important to identify the prevalence of the various causes of blindness. This helps to identify and plan for the most common causes. Developing countries are found to constitute a higher percentage of childhood blindness victims. Community leaders should also be involved in obtaining information about childhood blindness in their respective communities. This will also ensure that information reaches the affected children’s parents as well as the health care provisionary
From the obtained variables, it can be concluded more emphasis need to be put in third world countries, especially in Africa and Asia since this will directly reduce the population of visually impaired children and even the adults. It is also evident that eye problems need to be treated childhood since it is found that three out four eye problems can be prevented at early stages. Children need to be immunized with measles vaccine and also provided with vitamin A supplements, especially to poor countries where parents cannot easily afford healthcare activities. Developing countries should allocate more funds to the health sector to help handle this problem
Finance is a crucial aspect in any project and a management information system. A financial system should provide auditing in the project to ensure that every form of expenditure and cash flow is fully accounted for. Financial monitoring is responsible for financial assets in the project, maintaining payments to allow for flow of funds within the project. It also keeps record of payments to suppliers and vendors of the project. Any product or stock supplied recorded
It also involves production financial reports on expenditure of the project. The financial should be timely that is weekly reports, monthly reports or annually reports. They should also be updated at real time. These reports should be fully analyzed to provide transparency and make correct decision on the expenditure to be made. The financial records should be organized categorically alongside with the amount in Australian dollars. The financial function provides the budget for a project.
Inventory management provides information to the project managers to help make timely and accurate decision to support project activities and operations. The management information system should outline the available inventory of the blindness medication and other necessary supplements. The inventory function keeps track of the available stock in the store and provides real time updating. It provides a complete cycle of procurement and consumption. It also outlines inventory flow of a particular stock from one store to another then updates the system for both stores
The inventory component should also track each and every stock. It should automatically parameterize the stock and should not allow for purchases of stock that are below the minimum stock level. The drugs in the stock and every other product should be well labeled and correctly mapped.
Childhood blindness can be eliminated by timely and correctly treated. Management information system provides analysis of the project information and can allow for making estimates and decision basing on the variables that have been analyzed. The financial and inventory components of the MIS provide real time information for the project. The financial and inventory components are updated every time an event affecting them occurs.
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Related: PROJECT PLANNING, MANAGEMENT & EVALUATION