Obesity and depressive symptoms

Despite the fact that obesity and depression might seem different, various factors tend to link them together. Depression and obesity tend to feed each other in a most vicious and in a self-destructive circle whereby; obesity causes depression and depression can as well lead to obesity if not controlled in the early stages (Carpenter et al, 2000). Most people who are obese tend to experience depressive moments in their lives because; they have a poor image of themselves as well as low esteem. Obese people tend to isolate themselves from other persons, and this factor might lead to depression from the lonely moments they are alone in their lives. Obese people are discriminated to extend if a man is overweight, he might not get a fiancé and vice versa (Flores et al, 2013). In most cases, the obese people find themselves ostracized, experiencing stereotype in the society and undergoing high levels of discriminations. Obesity is a condition that contributes to many include; hypertension problems in the body, diabetes associated with insulin factors and chronic joint pains.

Depression causes obesity whereby; if a person is found to be depressed, he becomes obese within a short period (Goodman, Slap & Huang, 2003). In case a kid has a borderline obesity, he or she will experience a substantial depression within a short time. It is not a good sign to be obese because; such kids are experiencing depression tend to react to small issues and end up making poor choices of food. When one makes poor choices of food he is in a high danger of contracting diabetes illness, which very experiences to treat (Griffith et al 2011). Obese people make poor decisions to extend they are not even ready to exercise rather they avoid exercising their bodies because; they have no control over it anymore. The obesity in their bodies highly can cause diabetes, which is a lifetime problem leading to death.

Failure to give the regular body exercises leads to depression and sedentary measures of the body as well. A person who is depressed and has low serotonin hormone will tend to eat with the aim of self-medicating himself towards restoring his regular health back (Hunte et al, 2009). During this period, the person might make the wrong choices of food and end up becoming more obese than before.  Discrimination will be very high in such obese people from the society around them to the extent insurance companies will fear to give them a medical cover. The insurance companies well know that obese people are likely to fall sick more often than normal people, thus the avoidance factor (Jackson, & Cunningham, 2015). Airline companies discriminate the obese people by ensuring that they don’t operate with them in their business. The reason for the discrimination is because; such people tend to be over-weighing and might cause travel problems due to excess weight in their bodies.

Depression and obesity have shown the impacts towards sharing some common risks to the body of a person (Lavan & Katz, 2011). However, some factors tend to trigger the depression and obesity, thus bringing a boundary in between the two. People who belong to a lower social, economic class and don’t participate in social, economic activities are most likely to develop either depression or obesity.

Treating the conditions is the primary target of doctors who are now focusing towards getting the right cure for obesity as well as depressive condition. It might be a very painful experience for the patients, but that is the only way for the doctors to help them (Macpherson-Sánchez &  Ann,2015). It is easier to treat depression as compared to obesity because it included psychotherapy or antidepressants that are used by the sick. On the other side, people with obesity undergo Bariatric surgery to shed fat in their bodies a process that is very involved. Surgery done to people with obesity helps them to have a life free from depression. Most of the women who undergo the obesity reduction surgery will have a stress free life (Merten, Wickrama, & Williams, 2008). The team approach is the best way employed in fighting obesity and depression.  Crafting a diet plan is very necessary to avoid being obese through the help of a nutritionist or a personal trainer. Psychiatry or a psychologist, assists in dealing with depression that attacks many people from increased stress in their lives.

            Adolescent females with depression or obesity are likely to have a colossal problem once they get older as compared to they who are not cumbersome and find it flexible to do their personal work. The adolescent is the onset of obesity in many young females because; their reproductive systems are now attaining their full growth. Women with depression tend to develop obesity within a short period and this is a result of the unhealthy patterns of eating contribute much to the causes of obesity in many young people (Needham et al 2010). When one becomes obese at the adolescent age, he might be teased, and this contributes to depression to the concerned.

            The body mass index is a factor contributing to both obesity and depression in an elderly person whereby; to get the exact body mass of an individual’s the height and weight of a person has to be measured to facilitate calculations of the body mass index (Nigatu et al, 2015). The Geriatric Depression Scale was used in calculating the percentage depression in women as well as in men whereby; the calculations showed that women were more affected by depression as compared to men due to their high body mass weight. However, a quiet number of women tend to very obese than men and are at a higher risk of getting depressed if not careful with what they eat (Sarwer & Dilks, 2012). Gender is a contributing factor in obesity and depression. Obese women will mostly suffer from chronic medical conditions and exercise is recommended to prevent this from happening.

            A patient has to employ various ways towards avoiding any more depression in his life. After undergoing treatment, one need to undergo serious exercise that will keep the body muscles at work and always active. Any depressed person is advised to get rid of anger that might cause him depression (Segall-gutierrez et al, 2011)After undergoing surgical treatment, one should have a positive attitude towards life and think of the good things that can come out of it as well. It is not good for a person to take himself very dangerous as this might interfere with his condition. Finding a person to talk to, help in ensuring that the treated person is set free from depression and he has a way of relieving all the stress that he has. Once a stressed person speaks out his issues, they become solved; hence, depression might not affect him again (Smith, 2009). An act of speaking and having fun with friends after surgical treatment helps people to regain quick recover and avoid getting back to the depressed state they were before. All the medicines that are prescribed by the doctor ought to be taken accordingly to enhance recovery as well as prevent a person from going back to the obesity and depressed state.

Obesity and alcohol

Many researchers have found out that there is no clear relationship between alcohol and obesity. However, the only association that is there is an influence by lifestyle social factors and genetics, which is evident in the life of the concerned person. People who drink alcohol are not aware that of the many calories inside the alcohol drinks that act as a contributing factor to their obese state. People who are obese and drink alcohol frequent are at the risk of becoming more obese due to the fact that their bodies have a lot of calories in store. There is an immense difference evident in the relationship between alcohol and obesity in both men and women who are fond of taking the drink and this condition is very dangerous (Hart et al 2010). A person with an increased body weight and is a frequent drinker is more likely to suffer from liver cirrhosis leading to death. The association between alcohol and obesity is a very complex nature; since, it is influenced by factors like the  individual characteristics and his body weight which is increasing tremendously. Some factors that contribute to the presence of alcohol and obesity in a person include; the pattern of drinking employed by an individual, genes in a person, gender, a person’s body weight, the type of alcoholic drink as well as the drinking level (Grucza et al, 2010).

            Alcohol and energy intake

Alcohol consumed by Adults’ accounts to 10 percent of calorie intake in their bodies whereby, these calories lead to obesity in the consumer’s body (Loomba et al 2009). The alcohol drinks contain lots of energy spread in the person’s body; hence, he rate at which alcohol consumption leads to increased energy to the whole body. It is very sensible to say that alcohol contributes to obesity in a person’s body because; many calories will be spread in the body regarding the times that person takes alcohol on a daily basis (Shen et al 2010). When a person makes small quantities of alcohol before making a meal, he is likely to intake a lot of food in the very meal. Heavy drinking leads to overeating an act that makes a person be obese within a short period (Grucza et al, 2010). Overeating is not a good habit because; it makes an individual to make the wrong choices of food. These foods are the ones that contribute to obesity to the person and might contribute to other opportunistic diseases. Heavy drinkers will have an increased Body Mass Index (BMI) which is not good and makes a person’s contract diseases like diabetes and cardiac arrest. Women tend to fall sick regularly as compared to men, and increased alcohol intake might worsen their situation.

Patterns and levels of drinking

Heavy drinkers are reported to be at a higher risk of being obese as compared to moderate drinkers. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) carried an analysis in the United States only to find out that there was an increased weight to men aged between 60 – 79 years. Binge drinking leads to poor diet in a person’s, sedentary behaviour, body dissatisfaction with food or the drink itself and uncontrollable weight gain in men (Harrell, Slane, & Klump, 2009).

Obesity, alcohol and gender

Carbohydrate is present in alcohol and tends to make women who drink frequent more obese than men in the same state. The relation between obesity and alcohol has increased over the years whereby, gender has contributed to the influence as well as higher BMI in women who consume alcohol as compared to men (Arif, & Rohrer, 2005). Women who are drinkers eat a lot and this is also a contributing factor towards their tremendous weight gain than men. However, a high percent of the drinkers are men, not women, and this shows that they enjoy drinking more than females despite the fact that women are at a higher risk obesity.

Alcohol, obesity and liver cirrhosis

The combination of both alcohol and obesity are contributing factors to liver cirrhosis because; they tend to make the liver rot (Nelson, Lust, Story, & Ehlinger, 2009). Overweight women are at a high risk of liver cirrhosis due to the high BMI in their bodies. High consumption of alcohol lead to a high likelihood of liver cirrhosis in women; hence, the reason as to why women are advised not to drink too much alcohol (Breslow & Smothers, 2005). Liver cirrhosis is treatable, but in some cases during liver transfer from one person to another might lead to death. According to research done in the USA, o-occurrence of obesity in adults, as well as drinking, were proved to put a person at a high risk of contracting liver cirrhosis disease (Tolstrup, et al 2005). The findings showed that the elderly people were the ones at a higher risk than younger people.

Obesity and risk of alcohol dependency

Research has proved that likelihood of alcohol addiction leads to high cases of obesity in women both young and old (Schutze et al 2009). They are not in a position of managing their bodies because they are so big; hence, get tired easily when working or resting. Females from families that had had a history of alcohol dependency are seen to be at a higher risk of obesity cases. These obesity cases seem to be genetic in them and shall only controlled if they decide to have a good and a healthy lifestyle (Liu, Balkwill, Reeves, & Beral, 2010). Parents who were alcohol dependent contribute to their children alcoholic lifestyle as proven in most places. However, women are very sensitive to the increasing obesogenic environment around them and ensure that they do all they can to stop it (Yeomans, 2010). Any alcoholic family has  disorderly eating habits and this is the reason as to why most women will tend to be obese at a tender age. Binge drinking and binge eating is very dangerous and can cause a lot of diseases in the body of a person.

Alcoholic drinks drunk by a pregnant woman tend to affect the infant due to the calorie content in it (Lloyd-Richardson et al, 2008). The drinks facilitate faster growth of the infant, and the obese woman finds it difficult to give birth to the child. It will be simpler to say that alcoholic nature leads to overweight and complications to the mother while giving birth. The unborn child would tend to be alcoholic if her mother used to drink during pregnancy period (French, Norton, Fang, & Maclean, 2010).

 

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