The status of women in the society is an existing issue. Women in Islam is an important topic of recent time. Islam provided rights and respects to women. The rights of women is basically settled in Muslim society based on the Koran. The common picture of Muslim women is they are hiding them behind everything, voiceless and wearing veils. This picture is familiar to all of us because the media portrays women in Islam on this way. Islamic nations have its own distinct of culture. One can’t identify the position of women in Islam just by study one of the culture.
Women in Ancient Civilization
Before the advent of Islam position of women was worst. There was not equal rights of women in this time. Women suffered injustice in the society. They were considered as property material in the society. There was no respect for women. They were the movable commodity. There were no limits for men to marry as many women as they want. There were no rights for them to choose a husband or being chosen. It was a crime to give birth of a girl. If someone gives birth of a girl they think the child as evil. During that time female infants were abandoned or buried alive. They also buried their female baby alive if they born with birth defeat. There were injustice to women in the rest of the world. The condition of women was worst every part of the world.
In India, the description of good women was the women will keep her body, mind, and speech in the subjection and she will jump into the fire with her husband after her husband died. The position of women was not better than Indian women in Athens.
A Roman wife was described by an historian as: “a babe, a minor, a ward, a person incapable of doing or acting anything according to her own individual taste, a person continually under the tutelage and guardianship of her husband.”
According to English common law women has no rights in their property after her marriage. Her property will be the possession of her husband after the marriage. It was the law for women in English common law. The law has been changed in the 19th century and provided the women with right of her property after the marriage.
Women in Islam
The position of women in the Islam is one of the important topics. Islam said about the equality of women and man. Islam gives women with human rights, civil rights, social rights, rights and duties of a wife, economic rights. Islam puts the respect of women in the higher position. “Paradise lies under the feet of mother” by Prophet Mohammed (swa). By this announcement we can understand the position of women in Islam. It gives women a praiseworthy position and honour. Quran said women are created from the mate and they are the same kind as men. As men and women created from the same origin, they are equal in rights of humanity. Islam gives the rights of freedom to women. They have the rights of select their religion, husband or anything they need in their life. Islam provides women the rights to contribute their opinion and ideas. Islam sets the limit of marriage to the men and gives women rights to the property of her parents and relatives. “And if you fear that you cannot act equitably towards orphans, then marry such women as seem good to you, two and three and four; but if you fear that you will not do justice (between them), then (marry) only one or what your right hands possess; this is more proper, that you may not deviate from the right course.” (See Quran Chapter An-Nisa, Verse No 3) Women will receive portion of the property left by her parents weather its less or equal. Islam gives the women with rights of learning. Women will learn the Quran, Hadith and other knowledge. They have equal rights of men for acquiring knowledge. Women will promote good lessons and protest bad lessons in every stage of life. Prophet (swa) said “Seeking knowledge is a mandate for every Muslim (male and female).” There is some differences between men and women. Women will do the work best fit for them and men will do the work best fit for them. Women will look after the house, support her husband, teach their children as the primary role. After performing this task they can do other work for the welfare of the family as long as it fits with their capability and Islamic law. Women will guard her husband, his properties and her children from the best of her ability. Men will provide women with all of their necessary things of life. “Men are the maintainers of women because Allah has made some of them to excel others and because they spend of their wealth (for the support of women).” (4:34) Islam allows women to enter into business or any legal work to earn money. She can run businesses and manage her own properties. No one has rights on her property and businesses including her husband. Women will cast down their glances and guard themselves from the bad situation. Women wear the veil as a guard for them and it is not the injustice to women and it doesn’t give them inequality.
Islam provides right of women to ensure the equality. The role, duties and rights given to women 1400 years ago still don’t presents in the world even in the west. Islam gives the women respect, rights and duties. It honored women in a higher place. The rights, duties, roles of women stated in the Koran are enough to keep the balance of women and men in the society.
Ias.org,. (2015). Women in Islam | International Association of Sufism. Retrieved 10 April 2015, from http://ias.org/sufism/women-in-islam/
Legacy.fordham.edu,. (2015). Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Retrieved 10 April 2015, from http://legacy.fordham.edu/halsall/islam/islamsbook.asp
Web.archive.org,. (2015). The Koran on women. Retrieved 10 April 2015, from http://web.archive.org/web/20000229204333/http://www.humanities.ccny.cuny.edu/history/reader/koranonwomen.htm
Womeninislam.ws,. (2015). Women in the Pre-Islamic Societies and Civilizations – Status of Women Throughout the Ages – WomenInIslam.ws. Retrieved 10 April 2015, from http://womeninislam.ws/en/status-of-women_pre-islamic-societies.aspx