Work Based Problems

1.What are the strengths and weaknesses associated with addressing your workplace-based problem using i) a scientifically rigorous or ii) a practically useful approach?

Various approaches can be used in solving problems in a workplace. Among the approaches used are scientifically rigorous and practically useful approaches. Scientifically rigorous is an approach that involves mathematical and economic models use to solve problems in an institution. Using this approach in solving the problem of ignorance of issues in our institution has a number of advantages. One is that the approach takes into consideration all the variables when solving problems thus facilitating effective decision-making (Weiss, 2014). Business ethics:  The other strength is that by using the mathematical and economic models, the probability of ignorance elimination in problem solving is high .At least the manager can effectively solve the various problems facing the employees by use of this method other than leaving them to die on their own. Despite the benefits, there are several weaknesses associated with this approach. One is that it tends to ignore the employees’ contributions and this can lead to poor problem solving since managers have a habit of giving the scientific variables more attention. A practical approach, unlike the scientifically rigorous approach, gives the employees’ contributions a priority thus can be more useful in solving the ignorance problem. Through contribution from the employees, teamwork is promoted and also employees get motivated thus successfully solving the problems facing them (Kim, MacDuffie & Pil, 2010). The limitation of this approach is that its implementation consumes a lot of money and time.

  1. How could evidence-based management enable you to address your workplace-based problem?

Evidence-based management plays a significant role in addressing workplace based problems. For example in the case of my workplace, it can enable addressing the ignorance issue in a number of ways. One the manager can make an appropriate decision based on the problems facing the employees through the help of the available scientific evidence. Additionally, evidence-based management gives more emphasis on the significance of ethics observation while making management decisions (Weiss, 2014). Business ethics: Through reviewing studies of various institutions on how to solve problems among employees, I will acquire the necessary information and skills that will enable me to come up with various strategies to handle these problems. Also, I would carry out an interview with the employees enquiring from them why they feel solving problems among themselves is better than leaving them to die on their own .the results will enable me to formulate a policy that emphasizes more on problem-solving other than ignorance. Lastly is that I would observe the ethics as recommended earlier in this method in formulating and implementing the policies related to problem solving rather than ignoring.

  1. Why be concerned about issues of rigor and relevance in relation to the creation of management knowledge?

There are several issues; one is the fact that the management field is becoming more complex and constantly evolving. With this kind of changes other new methods that facilitate effective awareness based on management need to be implemented. Lack of implementing such ways has increased the gap between rigor and relevance and the only people who can bridge this gap are the managers and the researchers. Most research shows that management skills are based on training and the field cannot be made effective without training that impact skills of management .lack of proper training on leaders concerning management has worsened the management field especially when it comes to solving problems among the employees. This is even evidenced in our organization problem. Adopting training programs will play a significant role in bringing the gap between rigor and relevance in the world of managers.

  1. What are the pitfalls and problems associated with the systematic review as a method of evidence-based management and what are the alternatives to this approach?

A systematic review is among the methods of evidence-based management. A number of pitfalls and problems exist that are associated with this method. One is the fact that the method tends to concentrate more on the literature review in identifying, appraising and synthesizing questions for evidence-based management (Goetsch, & Davis, 2014).  The literature reviews used in this method may be inconsistent due to various types of cultural pressures that influence research. The other problem is that the method may lack literature that it uses since most publishers do not publish their literature in fear of critics. One approach that can be used as an alternative to systematic review is the reprise. This is a suitable approach because it gives a highlight of both the political and moral implications of management as a research and also as a practice.



Goetsch, D. L., & Davis, S. B. (2014). Quality management for organizational excellence. pearson.

Kim, J., MacDuffie, J. P., & Pil, F. K. (2010). Employee voice and organizational performance: Team versus representative influence. Human Relations, 63(3), 371-394.

Weiss, J. W. (2014). Business ethics: A stakeholder and issues management approach. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.


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